Oral surgery is a branch of dentistry that includes all the surgical procedures involving the face and the jaws. There are a lot of reasons why would you need to see an oral surgeon. Some of the indications are:
- Impacted teeth
- Dental implants
- Gum surgeries
- Accidental trauma involving the face
- A cyst or other developmental anomaly of the facial region
- Correction of TMJ disorders
- Jaw deformities
- Facial reconstruction
The most commonly impacted tooth reported in a dental office is the wisdom tooth. An impacted tooth is fully or partially emerged in the bone. Such teeth can often cause swelling or pain. They often lead to difficulty in opening the mouth. The other impacted teeth are canines and laterals.
Every wisdom tooth is unique; it has different eruption patterns in the mouth.
Impacted teeth can be classified into Vertical, Horizontal, Mesioangluar, or Distoangular depending upon their placement in the bone.
Vertical: The usual presentation would be a partially erupted tooth that would often cause trouble for the patient.
Horizontal: Such teeth are usually in a sleeping position in the jaw and cannot be seen in the oral cavity. They start pressing against the second molar and lead to toothaches and carious lesions.
Distoangular: There could be a partial eruption of the tooth but the long axis of the third molar would be distally inclined.
Mesioangular: The long axis of the third molar would be mesially inclined.
What if I do not remove my wisdom tooth?
- Pericoronitis: There is a severe inflammation around the area of the third molar. This leads to swelling and pain. The pain further radiates to the head and the neck region.
- Reduced mouth opening: An impacted third molar can lead to difficulty in opening the mouth.
- Food lodgement: Whenever there is an impacted third molar, there are instances of food lodgement in between the second and the third molar.
- Swelling and pain: There is a visible outer swelling and a considerable amount of pain.
- Cheek biting: A partially erupted wisdom tooth can often lead to severe cheek biting and further ulceration.
- Halitosis: Due to food impaction and improper cleaning, patients often suffer from the problem of bad breath.
These are the recurrent phenomenon due to an impacted third molar, if further left untreated it causes severe damage and bone loss in the second molar region.
Treatment for an impacted third molar
- Operculectomy: The extra tissue on the impacted third molar can be reduced with the help of a scalpel or lasers. We at Aruma Dental and Implant Clinic carry out the procedure with the help of LASER. The procedure is painless and there is no bleeding.
- Removal of the third molar or Disimpaction: This is by far the most suitable treatment for an impacted third molar. We make sure that the procedure is as painless as possible.
What would be the postoperative problems?
Since it’s a minor surgical procedure there would be pain and swelling after the procedure. We guide our patients well with postoperative care. Here are a few things to be followed after the removal of a wisdom tooth.
- Cold compressions after the surgery to reduce pain and inflammation.
- Cold and soft food for 24 hours
- No spitting for 24 hours
- Semisolid or liquid diet for a few days after the surgery
- Take the medicines that have been prescribed
- In the case of uncontrolled bleeding and pain, report to the dental office immediately
They are the replacement of the missing natural tooth. They are surgically placed in the place of a missing tooth and allowed to fuse with the adjoining bone for some time and then are made functional by placing crowns, bridges and overdentures over them. Most dental implants are made up of titanium which is an inert material hence there is a greater acceptance by the body.
Gingival hypertrophy is a common presentation. It can be either drug or plaque-induced. In either case, there is a need for surgical correction of the gingiva.
Various other concerns such as a high frenum, a periodontal abscess, a shallow vestibule, etc require surgical intervention.
A facial injury causes both physical and emotional trauma to the patient. It requires skill and perseverance to treat such cases. The facial structures are delicate and reconstruction of these is an intricate procedure. An accident, a blow to the face, or a direct fall can lead to various injuries to the face. We provide emergency care and long term support and treatment as well for the following conditions:
- Facial laceration
- Avulsed tooth
- Intraoral lacerations
- Fractured facial bones or fractured jaws.
The injuries to the face can be classified as
Soft tissue injuries
Lacerations on the face can usually be repaired by suturing. We provide the best possible cosmetic results. We take utmost care to preserve the facial nerves and the salivary ducts and glands.
Hard tissue injuries
After examining the patient, the treatment plan is determined by the location, severity, and age of the patient. Just like any other bone in the body, a fractured facial bone has to be stabilized. That is done by plating the broken pieces together and fixing them with screws or by wiring the jaws together.
We take proficient care to restore the facial appearance of the patient with minimal scars possible.
Teeth are very commonly involved in facial trauma. The mobile teeth are splinted to render them stable. Whenever a tooth is knocked out due, it should be placed in milk or saline water and immediately brought to the dental office. We can reinsert the tooth back into the socket and make it functional again. Never wash away the ligaments attached to the tooth. The sooner you bring your tooth to the dental office, the more are the chances of its restoration.
Why should you visit us for any of the above mentioned problems?
At Aruma Dental and Implant clinic we are equipped with latest technology. We follow all the protocols before and after the surgery. We have a conservative approach towards all the surgical procedures and hence the post operative healing and recovery is good in our patients.
We have been known to provide the best surgical treatments in Thane.